Sovereignty Re-Defined

It’s a common concept that the term sovereignty means supremacy or the right to demand obedience. The concept of sovereignty in ancient times developed from the modern times.

Amendments In The Constitution

Last year I wrote about why booking too far in advance can be dangerous for your business, and this concept of margin so eloquently captures what I had recognized had been my problem...

Constitutional Reforms: Back To 1973 Or A New Consensus

Constitution of any country is most important and sacred document. Every state has a constitution, since every state functions on the basis of certain fundamental principles and rules.


The provisions relating to emergency has been defined in part-X of the Constitution, 1973 (Articles 232 to 237).

Black Friday

It was Friday, the 09th March, 2007, when the Chief Justice of Pakistan, Mr. Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry was summoned to the President’s Camp Office located in the Annexe of the residents of Chief of Army Staff, at Rawalpindi.

“Justice On Forced Leave”

The entire nation is witness to one of the most tragic incident of the history of judiciary in Pakistan that how justice was done in the case of the Chief Justice of Pakistan Mr. Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry.

Seminar On Constitutional & Political Issues

This paper was presented by Justice (Retd) Rasheed A. Razvi, Member Pakistan Bar Council in a Seminar held by the Sindh Bar Council on 25th December, 2002 at Karachi.