It’s a common concept that the term sovereignty means supremacy or the right to demand obedience. The concept of sovereignty in ancient times developed from the modern times. It developed after the middle ages and particularly during the reformation and renaissance. According to Machiavelli, the state has absolute power with no restrain theory of Church or nature. He declared the power of ruler over the subject as absolute. During the early period monistic sovereignty was attributed to God and Kings. However, in present days it has been attributed to the people, parliament or constituted assembly.
Jean Bodin, who was the first thinker to develop concept of sovereignty by which he meant absolute power and _________ within a state he described ruler as the law making authority or the source of all laws. Thomas Hobbes went further while defining sovereign to be absolute and not bound by any thing he included religion in the definition of sovereignty. Perhaps, Austin gave the theory of sovereignty much systematic form.
John Austin (1790-1859)
Austin was one of the major figures in English Jurisprudence. Some of his publications which were published after his death by his wife included lectures of Jurisprudence, which make him a major force in English Jurisprudence during 1900 century. In detail he described the mean of legal rights and duties, the notion of sovereignty, judicial law, codification and classification of corpus juris. He defined sovereign as not a subject of obedience to any political superior and that he commands habitual obedience from the bulk of his subjects according to him, sovereignty is indivisible, unlimited and illimitable.
Albert Venn DICEY (1835-1922)
Dicey authored several books but for the present discussion his book introduction to the study of the law of Constitution (1885) would be relevant. He defined three (3) basic principles of British Constitutional Law i.e. Parliamentary Sovereignty, Rule of Law and the Conventions of the Constitution. According to him every political society involves the presence of sovereign authority. According to him it is not necessary that sovereignty in all cases be formed its entirety within the confines of the state itself and may holily, partly, be external to the state A.V. DICEY. Perhaps, appeared to be more impressed by the rise of the British Imperialism during his era and went up to saying that in the case of dependent or semi- sovereign state, the sovereignty is vested holily or in part in the superior state. (He developed with Austin and said that the sovereignty need not mean unlimited supremacy).